The Equal Rights Amendment 1972

In 1923 Susan B. Anthony’s nephew, Congressman Daniel R. Anthony, introduced H.J. Res. 75 proposing an Equal Rights Amendment (ERA). Drafted by Alice Paul, a leader in the fight for women’s rights, the Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) was introduced in Congress as a way to end discrimination against women. This controversial amendment was reintroduced at every subsequent session of Congress for 49 years. Supporters believed it would provide full equality for women; opponents considered it unnecessary, and some believed it destructive of the family. In 1972 the amendment passed both houses of Congress but fell three states short of the requisite number of votes for ratification.