“The Loyalty of the American Negro” 1917

The NAACP wrote this memorandum to contradict rumors of German agents agitating African American society. The authors—probably W.E.B. Du Bois and James Weldon Johnson—enumerate the ample reasons for unrest and dissatisfaction among African Americans without enemy involvement.

National Archives, Records of the War Department General and Special Staffs

“The Loyalty of the American Negro”