I hold the Resolution to be in direct violation of the Constitution of the United States, of the Rules of this House, and of the rights of my Constituents. And I gave his answer in writing to the chair.
Adams Motion 1836
Congressman (and former President) John Quincy Adams led the eight-year fight against the gag rule, arguing that it was a violation of the First Amendment.
National Archives, Records of the U.S. House of Representatives