Wartime racial discrimination 1941

World War II provided African Americans with increased economic opportunities, but they also faced discrimination in hiring, wages, promotion, and training from employers and unions. As more blacks entered the industrial workforce, progressive unions supported their challenges to the status quo, but racial tensions sometimes sparked shop floor confrontations.

President Roosevelt issued an executive order banning discrimination in defense jobs, but the Federal Government did not often challenge local discriminatory practices, especially in the South.